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EDUC 230 - Introduction to Educational Philosophies
Course Details

Course Code: 
EDUC 230

Credits:  3

Calendar Description:
This course will introduce prospective teachers and others interested in education to a wide range of philosophical traditions in education, and allow them to begin developing their own philosophy of education.

  • Total Hours: 45
Total Weeks:  15

Pre-Requisites:  None

Course Content:
This course looks at the following main questions for each philosophy:
  • What information/knowledge/skill is it important for people to have?
  • What should be taught and how should it be taught?
      • What would the overt curriculum look like?
      • What teaching methods fit this philosophy and why?
      • What is the hidden curriculum inherent in this philosophy?
  • What are the roles students, teachers, and administration/boards under this philosophy?
The main stream of this course focuses on the individual philosophies in light of the questions above. A second stream focuses on the historical development of philosophical ideas and why those ideas change. Issues like home schooling, public vs. private education, adult education, and industrial training will be discussed as they come up. The goal of this course to get the students to think about education from new angles and to covert those thoughts into a practical context that will be useful to them in the future as students, teachers, administrators, parents, and voters.

List of Weekly Readings:
  • Week 1: Introduction, Historical & Philosophical Foundations of Education
  • Week 2: Idealism and Education, Plato: Idealist Philosopher and Education of Education, Aristotle: Founder of Realism.
  • Week 3: Idealism and Education, Quintilian: Rhetorical Educator in Service of the Emperor, Thomas Aquinas: Scholastic Theologian and Creator of the Medieval Christian Synthesis.
  • Week 4: Realism and Education, Desiderius Erasmus: Renaissance Humanist and Cosmopolitan Educator, John Calvin: Theologian and Educator of the Protestant Reformation.
  • Week 5: Realism and Education, Johann Amos Cosmenius: Pansophist Educator and Proponent of International Education, Jean Jacques Rousseau: Prophet of Naturalism.
  • Week 6: Easter Philosophy, Religion, and Education, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi: Proponent of Educating the Heart and Senses
  • Week 7: Pragmatism and Education, Thomas Jefferson: Advocate of Republican Education.
  • Week 8: Pragmatism and Education, Mary Wollstonecraft: Proponent of Women's Rights and Education, Horace Mann: Leader of the Common School Movement.
  • Week 9: Reconstructionism and Education, Robert Owen: Utopian Socialist and Communitarian Educator, Friedrich Froebel: Founder of the Kindergarten.
  • Week 10: Behaviorism and Education, John Stuart Mill: Proponent of Liberalism, Herbert Spencer: Advocate of Individualism, Science, and Social Darwinism.
  • Week 11: Existentialism, Phenomenology, and Education, Jane Addams: Advocate of Socialized Education, John Dewey: Pragmatist Philosopher and Progressive Educator.
  • Week 12: Analytic Philosophy and Education, Maria Montessori: Proponent of Early Childhood Education, Mohandas Gandhi: Father of Indian Independence.
  • Week 13: Marxism and Education, W.E.B. DuBois: Scholar and Activist for African American Rights
  • Week 14: Philosophy, Education, and the Challenge of Postmodernism, Mao Tse-tung: Revolutionary Educator.
Learning Outcomes:
The students will be able to:
  • Identify and apply the principles educational philosophy
  • Identify and express their own personal philosophy of education
  • Demonstrate the ability to convert abstract ideas into practical plans
Grading System:  Letters

Grading Weight:
  • Final Exam: 40 %
  • Assignments: 40 %
  • Other: 20 %
Other Programs:
  • Academic
  • Associate of Arts Diploma
  • Associate of Arts Degree
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