B.C.'s Energy College

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HCAT 111 - Health 2: Lifestyle and Choices

This course introduces students to a holistic concept of health and the components of a health-enhancing lifestyle. Students will be invited to reflect on their own experience of health, recognizing challenges and resources that can impact lifestyle choices. Students will be introduced to a model that can be applied in other courses to understand the multi-faceted aspects of health and healing.


Hours: 30 (Lecture Hours: 30)


Total Weeks: 10


Prerequisites: None


Non-Course Prerequisites: None


HCAT 110 Healing 1: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Common Health Challenges
HCAT 112 Health 1: Interpersonal Communications
HCAT 113 Health Care Assistant: Introduction to Practice
HCAT 123 Healing 1: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Common Health Challenges
HCAT 124 Healing 3: Personal Care and Assistance
HCAT 125 Healing 2: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Cognitive or Mental Challenges
HCAT 126 Practice Experience in Home Support and/or Assisted Living

HCAT 127 Practice Experience in Multi-Level and/or Complex Care


Course Content:
Understanding Health
- Health as a process ie. A journey not a destination
- Physical, psychological/emotional, cognitive, social and spiritual dimensions of health. Interrelatedness of all aspects of health: introduction of the health wheel
- Health as it relates to lifestyle and choices
- Determinants of Health and how they affect health
Components of Health
- Physical components of health:
- Physical activity
- Physical self-care
- Sleep and rest.
- Nutrition: Nutrition throughout the life cycle; factors that affect eating and nutrition, Canada’s Food Guide.
- Weight management
- Avoiding or limiting harmful substances-licit and illicit drugs, alcohol, tobacco and caffeine.
- Environment.
- Psychological/emotional (feeling) components of health:
- Interaction between emotions/perceptions and health.
- Psychologically safe environments.
- Stress and stress management
- Common responses and effects of stress
- Common stressors related to work of the HCA
- Burnout and compassion fatigue.
- Strategies for self-assessment and wellness intervention
- Cognitive (thinking) components of health
- Rational thinking and perceiving
- Ability to reason, interpret and remember.
- Ability to sense, perceive, assess and evaluate
- Problem solving ability.
- Creativity
- Social (interactive) components of health
- Social bonds and social supports in relation to health
- Cultural/societal/traditional influences on lifestyle and choices.
- Spiritual components of health:
- Personal values and beliefs.
- Clarification of values and beliefs that are personally significant.
- Meaning-making
- Activities that enrich and refresh
Lifestyle Change
- Complexity of the lifestyle change process
- Critical thinking and problem-solving as it relates to lifestyle and choices
- Self-reflection and self-evaluation in relations to challenges and resources
- Setting achievable goals, using motivators, setting a realistic change agenda
- Recognizing difficulties inherent in personal change



Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the learner will be able to
Discuss the interrelationship of physical, social, cognitive, emotional, spiritual dimensions and determinants of health
- Describe health as process i.e. a journey not a destination
- Discuss the physical, psychological/emotional, cognitive, social and spiritual dimensions of health
- Describe the interrelatedness of the dimensions of health
- Discuss health as it relates to lifestyle choices
- List and describe the Determinants of Health and how they impact health.
Display an understanding of how lifestyle choices and behaviors contribute to physical, psychological, social, cognitive and spiritual health
- Discuss the positive effects of regular exercise and physical self-care.
- Describe the elements of a nutritious diet
- Discuss elements of healthful weight management
- Describe the adverse effects of common harmful substances (tobacco, alcohol, caffeine, drugs).
- Discuss the interaction between emotions/perceptions and physical well-being.
- Describe the effects of stress
- Recognize aspects of the HCA role which could lead to unhealthy stress.
- Describe a variety of approaches to stress management.
- Discuss the cognitive (thinking) components of health.
- Describe how one’s ability to think, reason, interpret, remember, assess, and solve problems is related to health.
- Discuss how clarification of one’s values and beliefs might relate to lifestyle choices
- Identify personal focuses and activities that enrich, refresh and create meaning in one’s life.
- Describe how one’s choices affect one’s environment.
- Discuss environmental influences on health
Display and understanding of the Complexity of the change process in relation to health promotion
- Describe how critical thinking and problem-solving relate to lifestyle change
- Display how to set achievable goals, use appropriate motivators and set a realistic change agenda.
- Discuss the complexities involved in lifestyle change.



Grading System: Percentage


Passing Grade: 75%


Percentage of Individual Work: 100


Additional Comments:
- The courses in this program run concurrently.
- Some course materials must be accessed on the NLC D2L server. A tutorial will be provided.
- Internet access is needed.
- Basic computer skills are recommended.
- Some travel may be required.

- Attendance schedule may vary.


Text Books:
Textbooks are subject to change.  Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.
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