B.C.'s Energy College

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LAND 241 - Petroleum Fundamentals

Students gain an overview of the petroleum industry from basic mineral geology through to production and transportation. The course also introduces the early history of oil and gas production and the developments leading to our modern oil and gas era. Mineral and seismic exploration is discussed, as well as drilling practices in the upstream sector of the industry. The downstream sector of the industry is introduced as well, including production, processing, transportation, refining, and marketing. Finally, sustainable development is examined in terms of environmental and economic considerations


Credits: 3

Hours: 45 (Lecture Hours: 3)


Total Weeks: 15


Prerequisites: None


Non-Course Prerequisites: None


Co-requisites: None


Course Content:
Historical Events Related to Oil and Gas Industry Development
- Early history events prior to Leduc discovery (1947)
- Historical events since Leduc discovery to present
Petroleum Origins and Basic Geological Features of Reservoirs
- Basic concepts of geology
- Basic geological structures
- Origins of petroleum resources
- Drill cutting and core samples
Activities Associated with Initial Geophysical and Mineral Exploration
- Mineral rights
- Procedures for purchase of mineral rights
- Procedures for acquisition of surface rights
- Geophysical exploration
- Procedures/steps associated with seismic surveying
Activities Associated with Drilling and Wellsite Completion
- Components of a drilling rig and their purpose
- Various types of drilling rigs and their purpose
- Procedures/steps associated with drilling
- Procedures/steps associated with wellsite completion and servicing
- Procedures/steps required for wellsite abandonment
- Considerations and requirements for abandoned site reclamation
Activities Associated with Industry Downstream Sector
- Key considerations in production process
- Procedures/steps associated with pipelining
- Main pipeline transmission lines in Western Canada
- Various processing and refining practices/facilities
- Transportation and marketing of petroleum products
Environmental and Economic Concerns for Sustainable Development

- Economic potential and sustainability of industry


Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- List historical events related to oil and gas industry development
- Explain petroleum origins and identify basic geological features of reservoirs
- Describe activities associated with initial geophysical and mineral exploration
- Describe activities associated with drilling and wellsite completion
- Describe activities associated with industry downstream sector

- Explore environmental and economic concerns for sustainable development


Grading System: Letters


Passing Grade: D (50%)


Percentage of Individual Work: 100


Text Books:
Textbooks are subject to change. Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.
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