B.C.'s Energy College

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LAND 280 - Introduction to Contaminated Sites

Course Details
Course Code:
LAND 280


Calendar Description:
This course provides an introduction to approaches used to remediate contaminated sites in the upstream oil and gas sector. The course offers an introduction to hydrogeology, followed by an overview of dealing with contaminated sites. This involves reviewing contaminant characteristics, differentiating between risk based and numerical approaches, approaches to delineating contaminant plume, creating conceptual models, and reviewing the current technologies available for cleaning up and managing contaminated sites. Relevant regulations will be reviewed and the associated process for obtaining a Certificate of Restoration will be used.

Date First Offered:

Total Hours: 45
Lecture Hours: 2.5
Field Experience Hours: 0.5

Total Weeks:

This course is offered online:

GEOG 112 Physical Geography: Surface of the Earth, LAND 255 Land Reclamation and LAND 230 Soil Reclassification

Non-Course Pre-Requisites:


Rearticulation Submission:

Course Content:
Hydrogeologic processes
- Darcy's law and hydraulic head
- properties of porous media
- properties of geologic fluids
- near surface flow
- environmental hydrogeology

Case Studies and Activities Resulting in Contamination
- definition of contamination
- the importance of managing contamination
- Sydney Tar Sands and Love Canal
- downstream and upstream activities commonly resulting in contamination

Characteristics of Contaminants in the Environment
- upstream oil and gas contaminants characterized based on ionic charge, organic vs inorganic, volatile vs non-volatile, solubility, partitioning
- contaminant specific gravity and behaviour in ground water
- environmental partitioning, residency, re-release and transport media
- plumes for various contaminants based on the above characteristics

Conceptual Site Model
- sampling methods for delineating contaminant plumes
- components of generating risk
- identification of the source, receptors, and pathways for a site

Legislative Framework Related to Contaminated Sites
- relevant Acts and Regulations
- CSR standards, procedures, regulatory instruments, and site registry

Types of Quality Standards in BC Contaminated Sites Regulations (CSR)
- numerical and risk based standards
- the risk management framework as an approach to contaminated sites
- different uses of standards to protect environment and human health
- CSR Schedules related to soil, sediment, potable water and groundwater standards
- categories of End Land Use as per the CSR
- risk management framework as an approach to contaminated sites
- numerical based framework as an approach to contaminated sites
- review role of Society of Contaminated Sites Approved Professionals

Application of Remediation Methods to Scenarios
- approaches related to the risk management framework versus those related to the numerical based framework
- excavation and off site disposal or treatment
- source removal and in situ physical and chemical treatment
- source control and related methods
- process of bioremediation
- best methods given various scenarios

The Certificate of Restoration Process
- roles of the Oil and Gas Commission and the Ministry of Environment in the process
- applicable CSR standards
- the purpose and fate of site profiles in relation to contaminated sites
- components of the C of R Application Part I
- components of the C of R Application Part II

Learning Outcomes:
- describe hydrogeologic processes
- demonstrate awareness of activities resulting in contamination
- characterize characteristics of contaminants in the environment
- develop a conceptual site model
- outline legislative framework related to contaminated sites
- examine types of quality standards in BC contaminated sites regulations (CSR)
- apply remediation methods to scenarios
- complete the certificate of restoration process

Grading System:

Passing Grade:

Grading Weight:
Final Exam: 25 %
Midterm Exam: 15 %
Quizzes and Tests: 15 %
Assignments: 30 %
Project: 15 %

Number of Assignments:

Writing Assignments:
report writing

Percentage of Individual Work:

Percentage of Group Work:

Course Offered in Other Programs:

Text Books:

Required - Hackman, C., 2001, Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual (McGraw Hill, New York, NY). Chapters Covered: 14
Required - Deming, D., 2002, Introduction to Hydrogeology (McGraw Hill, New York, NY). Chapters Covered: 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10

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