B.C.'s Energy College


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POPR 013 - Gas Process Operations Level C

The Gas Process Operations (GPO) Level C component reviews Plant Processes. Students will study gas plant components such as developments and types, process description and flows, and inlet separation, equipment and operations. Additionally, students will examine stabilization, sweetening, sulfur, dehydration, refrigeration, fractionation, and hydrocarbons.

 

Hours: Total Hours: 95 (Lecture Hours: 90; Other Contact Hours:5)

 

Total Weeks: 3

 

Prerequisites:
POPR 200, POPR 201, POPR 208, POPR 011 and POPR 012

 

Non-Course Prerequisites:
None

 

Co-Requisites:
None

 

Course Content:
GAS PLANT – DEVELOPMENT AND TYPES
- Development
- Purposes
- Requirements
- Types
GAS PLANT – PROCESS DESCRIPTION
- Steam generating facilities
- Electrical generation facilities
- Water supply
GAS PLANT – PROCESS FLOWS
GAS PLANT – INLET SEPARATION
- Purpose
- Fittings and controls
GAS PLANT – INLET EQUIPMENT AND OPERATIONS
- Equipment
- Starting procedures
- Operational suggestions
- Problems
CONDENSATE STABILIZATION
- Natural gasoline
- Stabilization processes
STABILIZATION EQUIPMENT
- Stabilization equipment
- Control equipment
- Process flows
STABILIZATION OPERATIONS
- Starting up the system
- Operating notes
- Operating suggestions
- Process problems
- Checking the process
- Condensate handling
SWEETENING PROCESSES
- Sweetening processes
- Liquid type sweetening processes
SWEETENING CHEMICALS
- Liquid type sweetening processes
- Solid type regenerative processes
SWEETENING EQUIPMENT
SWEETENING OPERATIONS
SULPHUR – INTRODUCTION
SULPHUR – CLAUS PROCESS
SULPHUR PROCESSING METHODS
- Straight-through process
- Split-flow process
- Other Claus designs
- Sulphur plant operating conditions
SULPHUR PROCESS CONTROL
SULPHUR PLANT OPERATIONS
DEHYDRATION – DEFINITIONS, TESTING
DEHYDRATION – CHEMICALS, LIQUID DESICCANTS
- Preventive dehydration processes
- Glycol processes
DEHYDRATION – GLYCOL EQUIPMENT AND OPERATION
- Glycol dehydration equipment
- Operating problems
- Advantages
DEHYDRATION – SOLID DESICCANTS
REFRIGERATION – EXTERNAL PROCESS
- Refrigeration systems
- Selecting a refrigeration system
- Single component propane refrigeration
- Cascade refrigeration
REFRIGERATION – CRYOGENIC PROCESS
- Expander applications
INTRODUCTION TO FRACTIONATION
- Terminology
- Simple distillation
- Fractional distillation
FRACTIONATION TOWER AND TRAY DESIGN
- Valve trays
FRACTIONATION EQUIPMENT
- Heating equipment
- Overhead product condensing
FRACTIONATION SYSTEMS
FRACTIONATION OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES
- Start-up
HYDROCARBON TREATING – CAUSTIC SYSTEMS
- Liquid hydrocarbon impurities
- Treating equipment
- Treating methods
- Unisol process
- Merox process
HYDROCARBON TREATING – MOLECULAR SIEVE PROCESS
- Molecular sieve process
- Operating cycles
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Precautions
HYDROCARBONS – STORAGE & LOADING
- Above ground storage tanks
- Underground storage tanks
- Washed caverns
- Loading facilities
SULPHUR PLANT TAIL GAS CLEANUP
- Objections to modernization of existing plants
- Tail gas desulphurization processes

 

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, learners will be able to:
- Describe the underlying concepts and basic background of some typical gas plant operations
- Demonstrate some basic knowledge about condensate stabilization, sweetening, sulphur recovery, dehydration, refrigeration, and fractionation processes
- Describe inlet separation and identify fittings and controls
- Demonstrate basic technical knowledge about stabilization operations and condensate handling
- Describe methods of hydrocarbon treating
- Describe methods of hydrocarbon storage and loading

 

Grading System: Percentage

 

Passing Grade: 70%

 

Percentage of Individual Work: 70

 

Percentage of Group Work: 30

 

Additional Comments:
Students are required to sign and adhere to the Trades and Apprenticeship Safety and Attendance Rules and Regulatory Practices for Students Policy.

If a student fails to obtain the pass mark on the final exam, the student will be allowed one supplementary exam. The successful completion of the supplementary exam would allow a student to pass with a grade no higher than 70%.

 

Text Books:
Textbooks are subject to change. Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.

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