B.C.'s Energy College


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POPR 014 - Gas Process Operations Level D

The Gas Process Operations Level D component reviews Auxiliary Equipment. Students will be introduced to instrumentation, water impurities and treatment, pneumatic controllers, and temperature measurement. Electricity and power supplies will also be examined, as well as corrosion mechanisms, control, and monitoring.

 

Hours: Total Hours: 95 (Lecture Hours: 90; Other Contact Hours:5)

 

Total Weeks: 3

 

Prerequisites:
POPR 200, POPR 201, POPR 208, POPR 011, POPR 012 and POPR 013.

 

Non-Course Prerequisites:
None

 

Co-Requisites:
None

 

Course Content:
INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICITY
- What is electricity?
- Measuring power
- Estimating the cost of power
- Reading a meter
- Circuit accessories
- Good lighting
- Simple electrical troubles
- Static electricity
- Transformers
- Electric motors
- Approved appliances
MAGNETISM AND ELECTROMAGNETISM
- Magnetism
- Electricity and magnetism
- Generators and motors
- Motor action
MOTORS AND GENERATORS
- DC machines
- AC machines
- Motor nameplate information
- Power factor
- Power factor correction
TRANSFORMERS
- Principle of operation
- Single-phase transformers
- Three-phase transformers
- Transformer cooling
- Transformer maintenance
ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION CIRCUITS
- Electrical voltage systems
- Building information
- Distribution system
- Alternate systems
INTRODUCTION TO INSTRUMENTATION
- Control loops
- Signal transmission
- Transducers
- Non-control loop instrumentation
BASIC CONTROL LOOP COMPONENTS
- Transmitters
- Indicators and recorders
- Controllers
- Control valves
LEVEL MEASUREMENT
- Continuous level measurement
PRESSURE MEASUREMENT
- Pressure scales
- Pressure elements
- Bourdon tubes
- Bellows
- Diaphragms
- Capsules
- Barometer
INTRODUCTION TO TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT
FLOW MEASUREMENT – ORIFICE PLATES
- Equipment
- Differential pressure flowmeters
- Orifice plates
FLOW MEASUREMENT – ORIFICE PLATE INSTALLATIONS
- Differential pressure connections
- Changing orifice plates under pressure
FLOW MEASUREMENT – ORIFICE TRANSMITTER INSTALLATION
- Installation
- Connecting piping
- Purge systems
- Winterizing
FLOW MEASUREMENT – VELOCITY FLOWMETERS
- Theory of operation
- Types of meters
PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLERS
- PLC components
BASIC TRANSMITTER PRINCIPLES
- Transmission
- Pneumatic transmitter principles
- Electrical transmission
- Transducers
INTRODUCTION TO PNEUMATIC CONTROLLERS
- Controller principles
- Control modes
- Automatic-manual transfer stations
ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS
- Analog instrumentation systems
- Digital instrumentation systems
- Electronic transmitters
- Electronic flow metering
ELECTRONIC AND PNEUMATIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
- Pneumatic instrument systems
- Electronic instrument systems
- Comparison of pneumatic and electronic instruments
COMPUTER IN PROCESS CONTROL I
- Evolution of the computer
- The modern computer
- Computer languages
- Communication
- Software
- Computers in the process control industry
INTRODUCTION TO WATER IMPURITIES AND TREATMENT
- Sources
- Water pretesting
- Types of contaminants
- Treatment processes
- Softening processes
- Odour
- Colour
- Disinfection
- User plant site treatments
POTABLE WATER PURIFICATION
- Disinfection
- Chlorination of potable waters
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
- System operation
- Precautions
CORROSION MECHANISMS
- Galvanic corrosion
- Atmospheric corrosion
- Stray current corrosion
- Biological corrosion
- Stress corrosion cracking
- Hydrogen induced corrosion
- Sulphide stress cracking
- Chloride stress corrosion cracking
- Water side corrosion
- Definitions
CORROSION CONTROL
- Galvanic series
- Environmental factors
- Corrosion inhibitors
- Cathodic protection
- Preventing boiler metal corrosion
- Stress corrosion cracking
CORROSION MONITORING
- Direct observation
- Corrosion test specimens
- Corrosion monitoring
Records
BASIC ECONOMICS
- Economic factors
- Present and future value
- Operating cost examples

 

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, learners will be able to:
- Describe the underlying concepts and basic background of some typical gas plant instrumentation components
- Describe flow measurement
- Explain water impurities and treatment
- Demonstrate basic knowledge about electrical circuit theory, and typical industrial electrical equipment and power supply arrangements
- Describe some of the general methods used for corrosion control and water treatment in the gas industry

 

Grading System: Percentage

 

Passing Grade: 70%

 

Percentage of Individual Work: 70

 

Percentage of Group Work: 30

 

Additional Comments:
Students are required to sign and adhere to the Trades and Apprenticeship Safety and Attendance Rules and Regulatory Practices for Students Policy.

If a student fails to obtain the pass mark on the final exam, the student will be allowed one supplementary exam. The successful completion of the supplementary exam would allow a student to pass with a grade no higher than 70%.

 

Text Books:
Textbooks are subject to change. Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.

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