B.C.'s Energy College

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WFTR 117 - Red Cross Standard First Aid

A comprehensive course covering first aid skills and knowledge necessary to deal with life-threatening situations, and how to provide assistance to people in physical distress. Topics covered include: CPR "C", initial assessments, breathing, bleeding, shock, poison, unconsciousness, and secondary assessments, head injuries, bones and joints, wounds, exposure to heat or cold, medical conditions and transportation. Annual update is recommended for the CPR "C". Certification - 3 years.


Hours: 16 (Lecture Hours: 11; Field Experience Hours: 5)


Total Weeks: 1



Must be a minimum of 16 years of age


Non-Course Prerequisites:






Rearticulation Submission:

Course Content:
- The Emergency Medical Services System
- The Red Cross
- Emergency Action Principles (EAPs)/Primary Survey
- Rescue breathing: infant
- Heart and lungs A/P
- What is CPR?
- Why CPR?
- Infant CPR
- Obstructed airway: infant conscious
- Obstructed airway: infant conscious to unconscious
- Obstructed airway: infant unconscious
- Pocket masks
- Rescue breathing
- Adult CPR
- Coronary artery disease
- Signals and actions
- Risk factors
- Child CPR
- Obstructed airway management: adult and child
- Airway management: conscious and unconscious adult and child
- Two rescuer CPR
- AED Protocol
- Bleeding
- Shock
- Poisons and allergies
- Secondary Survey
- Head-neck and spine injuries
- Bone and joint injuries, including sprains and fractures
- Upper limbs
- Wounds
- Heat and cold injuries
- Specific body injuries
- Sudden medical conditions

- First aid kits


Learning Outcomes:
This course trains the learner to react, think, and improvise when dealing with time-priority, life-threatening emergencies and also to deal with emergencies that, if not treated, could lead to life-threatening situations.
At the end of this course students will be able to do the following:
- Explain their awareness of hazards and describe actions and behaviours that will prevent injuries and illnesses
- Explain how the EMS system works and their role in it
- Describe when and how to move a casualty in an emergency situation
- Explain what happens in the body if one or more body systems fail to function properly
- Identify and care for choking and other breathing emergencies
- Identify the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease and injury and describe how to control them
- Recognize the signs and symptoms of a possible heart attack and describe how to care for someone who is experiencing persistent chest pain
- Identify the signs and symptoms of cardiac arrest and demonstrate how to provide CPR/AED until advanced emergency medical care arrives
- Identify life-threatening bleeding and demonstrate how to control it
- Identify the signs and symptoms of shock and describe how to minimize its effects
- Identify the signs and symptoms of various soft tissue and musculoskeletal injuries and demonstrate how to care for them
- Identify the signs and symptoms of medical emergencies, including poisoning and heat and cold emergencies, and describe both general and specific care for medical emergencies


Grading System: Pass/Fail


Passing Grade: 75% (on both written and practical exam)


Percentage of Individual Work: 100


Text Books:
Textbooks are subject to change.  Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.
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