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BIOL 040 - Advanced Biology
This course satisfies the requirements for a general or academic science. It deals with the basic elements of Biology and is designed to meet the entrance requirements for further academic or technical training. The advanced level stresses the descriptive aspects of biology. Biology is the study of living organisms and life processes.

Hours:
  • Total Hours: 120
  • Lecture Hours: 80
  • Laboratory Hours: 40
Total Weeks:  20

Prerequisites: SCIE 030 Intermediate Science or Biology 10 or permission of the instructor; and Grade 10 Reading and Mathematics.

Course Content:
Core Topics:

Scientific Methods

Major structures and functions of cells and related chemistry

Diversity of Life
- Major taxonomic groups
- Classification
- Structure, distinguishing characteristics, life processes, and ecosystem roles of viruses, monera, protists, fungi, major divisions of
plants, major invertebrate phyla, and major vertebrate phyla

Ecology
- Energy transfer for food chains, food webs, energy pyramids, and bio-geochemical materials cycles
- Communities and population, and changes to their distribution and dynamic over time
- Biospheres
- Aquatic and terrestrial biomes
- Ecological problems and possible solutions

Evolution:
- Evidence
- Past and present theories of evolution
- Origin of life

Options:
The following topics may be useful to students taking further biology courses:
- Resource Management
- Applied ecology
- Ecological methods
- Behaviour
- Genetics
- Parasitology
- Local topics

Laboratory Skills:
- Microscope skills
- Collection and recording of data
- Safe and ethical lab procedures
- Interpretation of collected data

Note: All Provincial Biology courses must include seven laboratory and/or field work activities.
 

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course consisting of three main concepts and their various sub concepts, learners will be able to:
  • Apply broad biological concepts and linkages to the everyday world
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the main ideas of biology.
  • Use knowledge of basic chemistry to explain concepts such as macromolecules of life, nutrient cycling, and energy flow.
  • Apply basic knowledge of cell structure to explanations of such biological concepts as: prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, leaf and root structure, sexual and asexual reproduction, the difference between multicellular and colonial organisms, and the differences between plants and animals.
  • Apply the basic principles of the theory of evolution to such concepts as the evolution of biodiversity, adaptive radiation of plants and animals, correlation of structure and function, and evolution of such structures as the heart and skeletal system in vertebrates.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the processes of scientific enquiry (scientific method) both by answering questions about it, and by applying your knowledge to an original scientific investigation. They key concepts of this revolve around the words “hypothesis”, “experiment”, “control group” and “reporting”.
  • Identify the many ways that humans affect and are affected by the complex interconnected living world.
  • Explain the basic principles of ecology as they apply to environmental issues such as the structure and health of biomes, biodiversity, and nutrient cycling.
  • Explain the significance of energy to living things, in relation to such concepts as photosynthesis, respiration, enzyme function, and ecological trophic levels.
  • Distinguish in a broad way between the challenges faced by organisms in large bodies of water and those faced by organisms on land, and ways in which they adapt to those challenges.
  • Identify the main terrestrial plant groups and the adaptations in the various groups that lead a truly terrestrial existence.
  • Compare and contrast the ten main animal groups, identifying the developments in symmetry, main tissue layers, body cavities, and characteristics and distinguishing features.
  • Use scientific equipment, techniques, and measurements in a careful, precise manner in order to carry out effective basic scientific inquiry.
  • Use a simple microscope correctly and effectively, and practice safe laboratory techniques with the equipment that is used in Advanced Biology.
  • Adhere to lab safety procedures.
  • Use simple sterile techniques with microorganisms.
  • Use safe and precise techniques for examination of plants and simple animals.
  • Identify the relationship between precision in technique and outcomes of scientific inquiry.
  • Use knowledge of main root words and syllables in order to guess intelligently at the meanings of biological terms that you have not seen before.
Knowledge:
Adult learners can use their life experiences to expand their knowledge of both the macro and micro environments, and their appreciation of the living world's natural order and their role in it.

Passing Grade:  D (50%)

Textbooks: Textbooks are subject to change. Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.

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