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HCAT 111 - Health 2: Lifestyle and Choices
Course Details

Course Code:

HCAT 111

Calendar Description:
This course introduces students to a holistic concept of health and the components of a health-enhancing lifestyle. Students will be invited to reflect on their own experience of health, recognizing challenges and resources that can impact lifestyle choices. Students will be introduced to a model that can be applied in other courses to understand the multi-faceted aspects of health and healing.

Date First Offered:

Total Hours: 30
Lecture Hours: 30

Total Weeks:

This course is offered online:


Non-Course Pre-Requisites:

HCAT 110 Healing 1: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Common Health Challenges
HCAT 112 Health 1: Interpersonal Communications
HCAT 113 Health Care Assistant: Introduction to Practice
HCAT 123 Healing 1: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Common Health Challenges
HCAT 124 Healing 3: Personal Care and Assistance
HCAT 125 Healing 2: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Cognitive or Mental Challenges
HCAT 126 Practice Experience in Home Support and/or Assisted Living
HCAT 127 Practice Experience in Multi-Level and/or Complex Care

Rearticulation Submission:

Course Content:
Understanding Health:
- Health as process i.e. a journey not a destination
- Physical, psychological/emotional, cognitive, social and spiritual dimensions of health

Interrelatedness of all aspects of health: introduction of the health wheel
- Health as it relates to lifestyle and choices

Components of Health:
- Physical components of health:
- Physical activity
- Physical self-care
- Sleep and rest
- Nutrition: Nutrition throughout the life cycle; factors that affect eating and nutrition; Canada’s
Food Guide
- Weight management
- Avoiding or limiting harmful substances – licit and illicit drugs, alcohol, tobacco and caffeine
- Psychological/emotional (feeling) components of health:
- Interaction between emotions/perceptions and health
- Psychologically safe environments
- Stress and stress management

Common responses and effects of stress

Common stressors related to work of the HCA

Burnout and compassion fatigue

Strategies for self-assessment and wellness intervention:
- Cognitive (thinking) components of health:
- Rational thinking and perceiving
- Ability to reason, interpret and remember
- Ability to sense, perceive, assess and evaluate
- Problem-solving ability
- Creativity
- Social (interactive) components of health:
- Social bonds and social supports in relation to health
- Cultural and societal influences on lifestyle and choices
- Spiritual components of health:
- Personal values and beliefs
- Clarification of values and beliefs that are personally significant
- Meaning-making
- Activities that enrich and refresh

Lifestyle Change:
- Complexity of the lifestyle change process
- Critical thinking and problem-solving as it relates to lifestyle and choices
- Self-reflection and self-evaluation in relation to challenges and resources
- Setting achievable goals, using motivators, setting a realistic change agenda
- Recognizing difficulties inherent in personal change

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, learners will be able to:

1. Discuss the interrelationship of physical, social, cognitive, emotional and spiritual determinants of health:
- Describe health as process i.e. a journey not a destination
- Discuss the physical, psychological/emotional, cognitive, social and spiritual dimensions of health
- Describe the interrelatedness of the dimensions of health
- Discuss health as it relates to lifestyle choices

2. Display an understanding of how lifestyle choices and behaviours contribute to physical, psychological, social, cognitive and spiritual health:
- Discuss the positive effects of regular exercise and physical self-care
- Describe the elements of a nutritious diet
- Discuss elements of healthful weight management
- Describe the adverse effects of common harmful substances (tobacco, alcohol, caffeine, drugs)
- Discuss the interaction between emotions/perceptions and physical well-being.
- Describe the effects of stress
- Recognize aspects of the HCA role which could lead to unhealthy stress
- Describe a variety of approaches to stress management
- Discuss the cognitive (thinking) components of health
- Describe how one’s ability to think, reason, interpret, remember, assess, and solve problems is related to health
- Discuss the importance of social support in personal wellness
- Recognize cultural and societal influences on lifestyle choices
- Describe the spiritual components of health
- Discuss how clarification of one’s values and beliefs might relate to lifestyle choices
- Identify personal focuses and activities that enrich, refresh and create meaning in one’s life
- Describe how one’s choices affect one’s environment
- Discuss environmental influences on health

3. Display an understanding of the complexity of the change process in relation to health promotion:
- Describe how critical thinking and problem-solving relate to lifestyle change
- Display how to set achievable goals, use appropriate motivators, and set a realistic change agenda
- Discuss the complexities involved in lifestyle change

Grading System:

Passing Grade:

Grading Weight:
Quizzes and Tests: 20 %
Assignments: 30 %
Project: 40 %
Participation: 10 %

Number of Assignments:

Nature of Participation:
Attendance, active participation in classroom activities and discussions

Writing Assignments:
Journal, plus a Health Issue Essay.

Percentage of Individual Work:

Course Offered in Other Programs:

Additional Comments:
The courses in this program run concurrently.
Some course materials must be accessed on the NLC D2L server. A tutorial will be provided. Internet access is needed. Basic computer skills are recommended.
Some travel may be required.
Attendance schedule may vary.

Text Books:
Required - S. Sorrentino, 2009, Mosby's Canada Textbook for The Support Worker, 2nd Canadian Edition (Elsevier). Chapters Covered: Selections
Optional - N/A, Handouts provided by Instructor
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