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HCAT 113 - Health Care Assistant: Introduction to Practice
Course Details

Course Code:

HCAT 113

Calendar Description:
This course provides an introduction to the role of the HCA within the British Columbia health care system. Students will be introduced to the healthcare team and the roles and functions of HCA within the team. Students will also have opportunities to develop self-reflective skills required for competent practice and will be introduced to effective job-finding approaches.

Date First Offered:
2010-07-01

Hours:
Total Hours: 30
Lecture Hours: 30

Total Weeks:
11

This course is offered online:
No

Pre-Requisites:
None

Non-Course Pre-Requisites:
None

Co-Requisites:
HCAT 110 Healing 1: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Common Health Challenges
HCAT 111 Health 2: Lifestyle and Choices
HCAT 112 Health 1: Interpersonal Communications
HCAT 123 Healing 1: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Common Health Challenges
HCAT 124 Healing 3: Personal Care and Assistance
HCAT 125 Healing 2: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Cognitive or Mental Challenges
HCAT 126 Practice Experience in Home Support and/or Assisted Living
HCAT 127 Practice Experience in Multi-Level and/or Complex Care

Rearticulation Submission:
No

Course Content:
Workplace Settings and Contexts:
- Introduction to the Health Care System in British Columbia and Canada
- Long Term Care Assessment (how it is done and outcomes)
- Models of care – creating community, actualizing person-centred care
- Assisted Living – goals, philosophy, approaches – how these might also be applied in other contexts
- Working in facilities – challenges and opportunities
- Working in Community-based settings – challenges and opportunities
- Agency/ facility/ employer standards. policies and procedures – purpose and function
- Standards of care
- Importance of maintaining client/resident/family confidentiality
- Reporting and recording – when, what, how
- Legal implications of the written word
- Organizing within the work environment: managing time effectively
- Use of workplace technology (computers)

Team work in Healthcare Settings:
- The healthcare team in facilities and in the community
- Roles and responsibilities of various members of the healthcare team
- The roles and responsibilities of HCA (CHW/Home Support Workers and RCAs)
- Legal limitations and obligations of HCA.
- What to do when a situation exceeds legal parameters of one’s role
- Supervision and delegation of tasks
- Lines of communication
- Basic concepts of team development and group processes
- Benefits & challenges of working in a team
- Facilitating effective team functioning – principles of collaboration

Legal and Ethical Issues:
- Human rights: World Health Organization
- Basic human rights in Canada
- Rights of people receiving healthcare services
- Rights of care-givers
- Relevant contractual obligations that guide HCA practice
- Ethical and legal parameters of HCA (CHW/Home Support Worker and RCA) roles
- Ethical standards and decision-making within one’s practice
- Abuse – recognizing and reporting
- Occupational health and safety
- Employment standards

Professional Approaches to Practice:
- Responsible and Accountable behaviour
- Unions – membership, rights, and responsibilities
- Professional relationships with clients/ residents, family members and other members of the health team:
- roles and professional boundaries
- principles of professional self-disclosure
- Accountability and ethical behaviour in working relationships
- Aspects of confidentiality in shared information

Self-reflective Practice:
- Reflective practice – what it is, why it is important, how to become a reflective care provider
- Personal competence as a component of caring
- Impact of personal values, beliefs and principles on practice
- Self-assessment and self-development
- Challenges and rewards of specific work environments
- Selecting a work environment that fits own strengths, values, preferences and lifestyle
- The importance of lifelong learning
- The function of motivation and commitment in on-going learning and personal development

Employability Skills:
- Preparing a resume and letter of application
- Completing a job application form
- Effectively handling the job interview
- Employer expectations

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
1. Display an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of HCAs within the health care system in British Columbia:
- Describe the Health Care Systems in British Columbia and Canada
- Describe the processes by which individuals in British Columbia become eligible for long term care
- Discuss the goals, philosophy, and approaches used in assisted living facilities and how these might also be applied in other contexts
- Describe the purpose and functions of employer standards, policies and procedures
- Discuss the importance of maintaining client/resident/family confidentiality
- Describe the roles and responsibilities HCAs within the health care team
- Describe the role of labor unions in healthcare in relation to membership, responsibilities, and implications for the HCAs

2. Contribute to the effective functioning of the healthcare team:
- Discuss basic concepts of team development and group processes
- Outline the benefits & challenges of working in a team
- Describe principles of collaboration and cooperation that contribute to effective team functioning
- Describe the roles and responsibilities of various members of the healthcare team
- Discuss lines of communication

3. Function in a responsible, accountable fashion recognizing legal and ethical parameters of the HCA role:
- Discuss human rights as they relate to the provider and the recipient of care
- Discuss elements of responsible and accountable behaviour
- Delineate the legal and contractual limitations and obligations of HCAs
- Delineate the legal implications of the written word
- Discuss how to recognize ethical issues in practice and methods for resolving such issues
- Discuss appropriate responses when a situation exceeds legal parameters of one’s role
- Describe what is meant by professional boundaries in relation to relationships with clients/residents and families

4. Apply self-reflection, and self-appraisal processes in order to recognize and respond to own self-development needs as a care provider:
- Practice: what it is, why it is important, how to become a reflective care provider
- Discuss how personal competence of the care provider is a component of caring practice
- Describe how self-assessment relates to self-development
- Discuss the importance of lifelong learning for all care providers

5. Confidently conduct a job-search process:
- Describe the challenges and rewards of specific work environments
- Discuss criteria for selecting a work environment that fits one’s strengths, values, preferences and lifestyle
- Prepare a clear, attractive resume and letter of application
- Complete a job application form
- Effectively participate in a job interview

Grading System:
Percentage

Passing Grade:
75%

Grading Weight:
Final Exam: 30 %
Midterm Exam: 20 %
Quizzes and Tests: 10 %
Assignments: 30 %
Participation: 10 %

Number of Assignments:
2

Nature of Participation:
Attendance, active participation in classroom activities and discussions

Writing Assignments:
Job resume assignments

Percentage of Individual Work:
90

Percentage of Group Work:
10

Course Offered in Other Programs:
No

Additional Comments:
The courses in this program run concurrently.
Some course materials must be accessed on the NLC D2L server. A tutorial will be provided. Internet access is needed. Basic computer skills are recommended.
Some travel may be required.
Attendance schedule may vary.

Text Books:
Required - Sorrentino, S., 2009, Mosby's Canada Textbook for the Support Worker, 2nd Canadian Edition (Elsevier). Chapters Covered: Selections
Optional - N/A, Handouts provided by Instructor
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