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HCAT 123 - Health and Healing: Concepts for Practice
Course Details

Course Code:

HCAT 123

Calendar Description:
This course provides students with the opportunity to develop a theoretical framework for practice. Students will be introduced to the philosophical values and theoretical understandings that provide a foundation for competent practice as a HCA. The course focuses on concepts of caring and personcentred care; basic human needs and human development; family, culture and diversity as they relate to health and healing. Students will also be introduced to a problem-solving model that will be critical to their practice.

Date First Offered:
2010-07-01

Hours:
Total Hours: 70
Lecture Hours: 70

Total Weeks:
8

This course is offered online:
No

Pre-Requisites:
None

Non-Course Pre-Requisites:
None

Co-Requisites:
HCAT 110 Healing 1: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Common Health Challenges
HCAT 111 Health 2: Lifestyle and Choices
HCAT 112 Health 1: Interpersonal Communications
HCAT 113 Health Care Assistant: Introduction to Practice
HCAT 124 Healing 3: Personal Care and Assistance
HCAT 125 Healing 2: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Cognitive or Mental Challenges
HCAT 126 Practice Experience in Home Support and/or Assisted Living
HCAT 127 Practice Experience in Multi-Level and/or Complex Care

Rearticulation Submission:
No

Course Content:
Characteristics of Caring and person-centred practice:
- Caring as a moral ideal: What is caring?
- What distinguishes a caring from an uncaring act?
- Caring in a health care context
- Values and beliefs about care and caring
- Promoting the dignity and worth of self and others
- Self-building and self-caring as the basis of becoming a effective care provider
- Caring and power: Power positions vs. relational positions with others
- Independence, dependence and interdependence
- Independence and self-esteem
- Promoting self-determination
- Promoting quality of life – who defines it and who decides what it means to each person
- Social and Community models of care
- Supporting personal preferences and choices
- Recreation/socialization and quality of life
- Preventing isolation and unnecessary dependence
- Living at risk – what it is and why it is an option – the right to self-determination and choice

Basic Human Needs:
- Hierarchy of needs:
- Physiological
- Safety and Security
- Love and Belonging
- Self-esteem
- Self-actualization/Self-fulfilment
- Interrelationship of needs
- Factors that affect needs and the meeting of needs in older adults
- Needs assessment

Human Development:
- Principles of human development
- Common developmental tasks and characteristics of:
- Infancy
- Toddlerhood
- Preschool period
- Middle childhood
- Late childhood
- Adolescence
- Young adulthood
- Middle adulthood
- Developmental characteristics, tasks and changes in the older adult:
- Physical changes
- Psycho-social tasks and challenges
- Loss as part of aging
- Diversity in older adults
- Factors influencing aging

Family in Health and Healing:
- Family development
- Diverse family units
- Changing family structures
- Socio-cultural, religious, environmental and economic influences of the family
- The role of family in health and healing: coping and adapting
- Understanding stresses on family care providers
- Families experiencing conflict or other dysfunction
- Supporting the family

Multiculturalism and Diversity:
- Race, ethnicity and culture
- Diversity of backgrounds
- Generational differences
- Prejudice and discrimination
- Effects of culture
- Culture and family
- Culture and religion
- Cultural influences on aging and health
- Culturally sensitive care

Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving:
- Critical thinking as a caring concept
- Relationship between critical thinking, problem-solving and decision-making
- Components of effective problem-solving/decision-making
- Problem-solving in relation to time management
- Care planning as a problem-solving process
- Steps in the care planning / problem-solving process:
- Assessing – gathering information (including the client/residents’ unique personal history, achievements, strengths, and preferences)
- Consulting with client/resident and health care team
- Establishing priorities
- Defining the problem or care requirement
- Identifying the goal for care
- Creating an action plan
- Implementing the action plan
- Evaluating
- Care planning process in facilities
- Care planning process in community settings
- Role of HCA in planning care
- Reporting and recording – common practices in community and facility settings

Protection and Safety in Health and Healing:
- Factors affecting the need for protection and safety (health, age, lifestyle, health challenges)
- Realities and challenges
- Promoting and maintaining safe environments
- Roles and parameters of practice in relation to safety
- Risk management – definitions and approaches
- Safety plans – purpose, role, factors influencing safety planning
- Living at risk issues : respecting the client/residents’ choice to live at risk when an informed choice has been made
- Critical incidents:
- Recognizing critical incidents
- Recognizing situations where critical incident debriefing is warranted

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, learners will be able to:

1. Display an understanding of person-centred care that recognizes and respects the uniqueness of each individual:
- Describe the characteristics and qualities of caring interactions in a variety of contexts
- Explain the importance of respecting the individuality, independence, autonomy, diverse values and dignity of clients/residents and families
- Display an ability to view the older person as an individual possessing a wealth of experience, knowledge and wisdom
- Discuss the components of social and community models of care as they relate to person-centred care

2. Discuss basic human needs and common characteristics of human development as these concepts relate to person-centred care:
- Describe Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, explaining the importance of each level and the interrelationship of needs
- Conduct a needs assessment
- Discuss the principles of human development
- Describe common developmental tasks and characteristics of various ages across the lifespan

3. Use an informed problem-solving approach to provide care and service:
- Describe critical thinking as a caring concept
- Discuss the relationship between critical thinking, problem-solving and decision-making
- Describe care planning as a problem-solving process
- Utilize the steps of the care planning / problem-solving process
- Describe the role of the HCA in planning care
- Describe common practices for reporting and recording in community and facility settings

4. Contribute to the safety and protection of self and others within a variety of work environments:
- Describe individual factors affecting the need for protection and safety (health, age, lifestyle, health challenges)
- Discuss ways of promoting and maintaining safe environments
- Define and describe elements of risk management
- Discuss the purpose, role, factors influencing safety plans
- Discuss living at risk issues
- Recognize critical incidents and describe appropriate steps to take during and after the incident

5. Display an understanding of the role of family, culture, diversity and life experience in aging, health and healing:
- Discuss changing family structures and diverse family units
- Describe common socio-cultural, religious, environmental and economic influences on the family
- Understand stresses on family care providers
- Identify ways care providers may support the family
- Describe how diversity (race, ethnicity, culture, generational differences, socio-economic differences, religious diversity, etc.) influences an individual’s experiences of aging, health and healing
- Discuss components of culturally sensitive care

Grading System:
Percentage

Passing Grade:
75%

Grading Weight:
Final Exam: 30 %
Quizzes and Tests: 20 %
Assignments: 40 %
Participation: 10 %

Number of Assignments:
1

Nature of Participation:
Active participation in online discussions

Writing Assignments:
Completion of a cultural assignment essay

Percentage of Individual Work:
100

Course Offered in Other Programs:
No

Additional Comments:
The courses in this program run concurrently.
Some course materials must be accessed on the NLC D2L server. A tutorial will be provided. Internet access is needed. Basic computer skills are recommended.
Some travel may be required.
Attendance schedule may vary.

Text Books:
Required - S. Sorrentino, 2009, Mosby's Canada Textbook for The Support Worker, 2nd Canadian Edition (Elsevier). Chapters Covered: Selections
Optional - N/A, Handouts provided by Instructor
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