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HCAT 125 - Healing 2: Caring for Individuals Experiencing
Cognitive or Mental Challenges

This course builds on content from other courses to assist students to explore concepts and care-giving approaches that will allow them to work effectively with individuals experiencing cognitive or mental challenges. Emphasis is on recognizing behaviours and identifying person-centred intervention strategies.

 

Hours: 60 (Lecture Hours: 60)

 

Total Weeks: 9

 

Prerequisites:

None

 

Non-Course Prerequisites:
None

 

Co-requisites:
HCAT 110 Healing 1: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Common Health Challenges
HCAT 111 Health 2: Lifestyle and Choices
HCAT 112 Health 1: Interpersonal Communications
HCAT 113 Health Care Assistant: Introduction to Practice
HCAT 123 Healing 1: Caring for Individuals Experiencing Common Health Challenges
HCAT 124 Healing 3: Personal Care and Assistance
HCAT 126 Practice Experience in Home Support and/or Assisted Living

HCAT 127 Practice Experience in Multi-Level and/or Complex Care

 

Course Content:
Cognitive Challenges in Older Adulthood:
- Confusion and dementia
- Common causes of reversible changes in mental functioning
- Primary forms of irreversible dementia:
    Alzheimer’s disease
    Other dementias
- Forms and causes of various dementias – pathology, processes and characteristics
- Philosophies and models of care
- Importance of life review in care of individuals with dementia
- Stages of dementia and common behavioural manifestations and unique responses

- Responsive behaviours – factors influencing behaviours (e.g. “triggers”)
- Importance of environment in relation to behaviours
- Strategies for working with individuals exhibiting responsive behaviours
- Appropriate activities for individuals experiencing differing levels of dementia
- Working effectively with individuals experiencing early, moderate or severe dementia
- Supporting family members
- Caregiver needs and support
Abuse:
- Types of abuse/abusive relationships
- Cycle of abuse
- Recognizing signs of abuse
- Assessing situations and individuals
- Responding to or preventing abuse, disruptive or out-of-control behaviour
- Knowing when to exit a potentially unsafe situation
Mental Health Challenges:
- Causes and common treatment of mental health challenges
- Common mental health disorders:
    Anxiety disorders
    Affective or mood disorders
    Schizophrenia
    Personality disorders
    Substance abuse disorders
    Dual or multi-diagnoses
- Stigma associated with mental health challenges
- Cultural differences in perceptions of mental health challenges
- Caring for the person and family:
    Principles and approaches used to plan and implement effective care
    Person-centered care
    When and what to report
- Suicide risks and prevention

 

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the learners will be able to:
Describe ways to organize, administer and evaluate person-centered care and assistance for clients/residents experiencing cognitive health challenges:
- Use an informed problem-solving process when caring for individuals experiencing cognitive health challenges
- Base choices and actions on a sound understanding of the physical, cognitive and psycho-social processes of various kinds of dementia
- Base choices and actions on an understanding of environmental influences on behaviours
Describe ways to organize, administer and evaluate person-centered care and assistance for clients/residents experiencing mental health challenges:
- Use an informed problem-solving process when caring for or providing assistance for individuals experiencing mental health challenges
- Identify factors that influence the mental health and well-being of individuals
- Tailor interactions and responses based on an understanding of common mental health challenges
- Cope constructively with unanticipated or unusual situations
Demonstrate an understanding of effective approaches to disruptive or abusive behaviours:
- Describe types of abuse/abusive relationships and the cycle of abuse
- Identify behavioural indicators that an individual or group are becoming disruptive, abusive or out-of-control
- Utilize calming non-verbal techniques to prevent or deescalate disruptive or out-of-control behaviours
- Utilize appropriate verbal techniques to prevent or deescalate disruptive or out-of-control behaviours
- Identify and describe potentially unsafe situations

 

Grading System:  Percentage

 

Passing Grade:  75%

 

Percentage of Individual Work:  90

 

Percentage of Group Work:  10

 

Additional Comments:

- The courses in this program run concurrently.
- Some course materials must be accessed on the NLC D2L server.  A tutorial will be provided.
- Internet access is needed.
- Basic computer skills are recommended.
- Some travel may be required.
- Attendance schedules may vary.

 

Text Books:
Textbooks are subject to change.  Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.
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