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Land Reclamation
Course Details

Course Code:

LAND 255

Credits:
4

Calendar Description:
This course will cover the nature of disturbed lands and the theory, techniques, and requirements for soil stabilization, remediation, re-vegetation, and restoration of ecosystem processes. Major topics will include types and characteristics of disturbances, soil stabilization and remediation techniques, species and methods used in re-vegetation. Theory and concepts will be practiced in a bioengineering project, pre-site assessment for a well site, and various field trips.

Date First Offered:
2005-09-01

Hours:
Total Hours: 75
Lecture Hours: 3
Field Experience Hours: 2

Total Weeks:
15

This course is offered online:
No

Pre-Requisites:
LAND 120, LAND 124

Non-Course Pre-Requisites:
None

Co-Requisites:
LAND 230

Rearticulation Submission:
No

Course Content:
Review Soil and Ecosystem Properties and Processes
• define soil and describe soil components
• describe soil processes
• define ecosystems and describe ecosystem components
• describe ecosystem processes of matter cycling and energy flow

Describe Types and Characteristic of Disturbances
• describe disturbances caused by wellsite and pipeline establishment
• describe disturbances caused by road and landing establishment
• describe disturbances caused by landslides, slope failure, and surface erosion
• describe characteristics of degraded watercourses
• describe characteristics of contaminated sites

Explain Soil Stabilization and Remediation
• describe processes of soil erosion
• describe characteristics of subsoil and overburden
• explain methods for reducing soil erosion
• explain methods for controlling slope failure
• explain methods of channel and stream bank stabilization
• explain methods of mitigating soil contamination

Describe Suitable Re-vegetation Species
• describe autecology and uses of non-native plant species
• describe autecology and uses of native plant species

Explain Re-vegetation Techniques
• describe problems associated with plant establishment on disturbed lands
• explain methods of ameliorating the microclimatic and chemical environment
• explain species and mix selection
• explain seeding and propagule establishment methods

Describe Government Reclamation/Restoration Standards and Guidelines
• describe relevant acts and regulations in BC (major) and Alberta (minor)
• describe reclamation/restoration standards and guidelines in BC (major) and Alberta (minor)

Perform a soil analysis study (field/lab component)
• set-up study design
• collect soil and analyze soil samples
• present results in a report

Develop a Bioengineering Project and Perform Tasks to Carry Out a Project (field/lab component)
• plan approach to bioengineering project
• assess site conditions and decide on project objectives
• sample and analyze soil characteristics
• organize and collect necessary plant material
• perform bioengineering tasks to meet objectives of project

Perform a pre-site assessment on a well site and document the results in a report (field/lab component)
• discuss regulations governing pre-site assessments
• assemble tools to performs pre-site assessments
• practice proper soil sampling and packaging techniques
• compile results and present in a report

Learning Outcomes:
1. describe soil and ecosystem properties and processes
2. describe types and characteristics of disturbances
3. explain soil stabilization and remediation
4. describe suitable re-vegetation species
5. explain re-vegetation techniques
6. describe government reclamation/restoration standards and guidelines
7. develop a bioengineering project and perform the tasks involved in carrying out a bioengineering project (field/lab component)
8. perform a pre-site assessment on a well site and document the results in a report (field/lab component)
9. perform a soil analysis study (field/lab component)

Grading System:
Letters

Passing Grade:
D

Grading Weight:
Final Exam: 30 %
Quizzes and Tests: 20 %
Assignments: 10 %
Field Experience: 20 %
Participation: 20 %

Number of Assignments:
5

Nature of Participation:
participate in field work involving reclamation

Writing Assignments:
3 reports based on field work

Percentage of Individual Work:
80

Percentage of Group Work:
20

Course Offered in Other Programs:
No

Supplies:
field boots and clothing required

Text Books:
Required - Gerling, G.S., M.G. Willoughby, A. Schoepf, K.E. Tannas, 1996, A Guide to Using Native Plants on Disturbed Lands (Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development). Chapters Covered: All
Required - Hardy BBT Limited, 1989, Manual of Plant Species Suitability for Reclamation in Alverta (Alberta Land Conservation and Reclamation Council). Chapters Covered: All
Required - Verbisky, Lisa, 2003, Northern Lights College Module (Northern Lights College). Chapters Covered: All
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