B.C.'s Energy College


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POPR 014 - Gas Process Operations Level D
Course Details
Course Code:
POPR 014

Calendar Description:
Gas Process Operations (GPO) was developed to provide the Gas Plant Operator with a basic understanding of the theory associated with plant operations.

The Gas Process Operations Level D component reviews Auxiliary Equipment. Students will be introduced to instrumentation, water impurities and treatment, pneumatic controllers, and temperature measurement. Electricity and power supplies will also be examined, as well as corrosion mechanisms, control, and monitoring.


Date First Offered:
2009-09-01

Hours:
Total Hours: 95
Lecture Hours: 95


Total Weeks:
3

This course is offered online:
No

Pre-Requisites:
POPR 200: Fourth Class Power Engineering Part A
POPR 201: Fourth Class Power Engineering Part B
POPR 208: Laboratory in Power Engineering and Gas Processing
POPR 011: Gas Process Operations Level A
POPR 012: Gas Process Operations Level B
POPR 013: Gas Process Operations Level C


Non-Course Pre-Requisites:
NONE

Co-Requisites:
NONE

Rearticulation Submission:
No

Course Content:
INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICITY
- What is electricity?
- Measuring power
- Estimating the cost of power
- Reading a meter
- Circuit accessories
- Good lighting
- Simple electrical troubles
- Static electricity
- Transformers
- Electric motors
- Approved appliances

MAGNETISM AND ELECTROMAGNETISM
- Magnetism
- Electricity and magnetism
- Generators and motors
- Motor action

MOTORS AND GENERATORS
- DC machines
- AC machines
- Motor nameplate information
- Power factor
- Power factor correction

TRANSFORMERS
- Principle of operation
- Single-phase transformers
- Three-phase transformers
- Transformer cooling
- Transformer maintenance

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION CIRCUITS
- Electrical voltage systems
- Building information
- Distribution system
- Alternate systems

INTRODUCTION TO INSTRUMENTATION
- Control loops
- Signal transmission
- Transducers
- Non-control loop instrumentation

BASIC CONTROL LOOP COMPONENTS
- Transmitters
- Indicators and recorders
- Controllers
- Control valves

LEVEL MEASUREMENT
- Continuous level measurement

PRESSURE MEASUREMENT
- Pressure scales
- Pressure elements
- Bourdon tubes
- Bellows
- Diaphragms
- Capsules
- Barometer

INTRODUCTION TO TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT
FLOW MEASUREMENT – ORIFICE PLATES
- Equipment
- Differential pressure flowmeters
- Orifice plates

FLOW MEASUREMENT – ORIFICE PLATE INSTALLATIONS
- Differential pressure connections
- Changing orifice plates under pressure

FLOW MEASUREMENT – ORIFICE TRANSMITTER INSTALLATION
- Installation
- Connecting piping
- Purge systems
- Winterizing

FLOW MEASUREMENT – VELOCITY FLOWMETERS
- Theory of operation
- Types of meters

PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLERS
- PLC components

BASIC TRANSMITTER PRINCIPLES
- Transmission
- Pneumatic transmitter principles
- Electrical transmission
- Transducers

INTRODUCTION TO PNEUMATIC CONTROLLERS
- Controller principles
- Control modes
- Automatic-manual transfer stations

ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS
- Analog instrumentation systems
- Digital instrumentation systems
- Electronic transmitters
- Electronic flow metering

ELECTRONIC AND PNEUMATIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
- Pneumatic instrument systems
- Electronic instrument systems
- Comparison of pneumatic and electronic instruments

COMPUTER IN PROCESS CONTROL I
- Evolution of the computer
- The modern computer
- Computer languages
- Communication
- Software
- Computers in the process control industry

INTRODUCTION TO WATER IMPURITIES AND TREATMENT
- Sources
- Water pretesting
- Types of contaminants
- Treatment processes
- Softening processes
- Odour
- Colour
- Disinfection
- User plant site treatments

POTABLE WATER PURIFICATION
- Disinfection
- Chlorination of potable waters

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
- System operation
- Precautions

CORROSION MECHANISMS
- Galvanic corrosion
- Atmospheric corrosion
- Stray current corrosion
- Biological corrosion
- Stress corrosion cracking
- Hydrogen induced corrosion
- Sulphide stress cracking
- Chloride stress corrosion cracking
- Water side corrosion
- Definitions

CORROSION CONTROL
- Galvanic series
- Environmental factors
- Corrosion inhibitors
- Cathodic protection
- Preventing boiler metal corrosion
- Stress corrosion cracking

CORROSION MONITORING
- Direct observation
- Corrosion test specimens
- Corrosion monitoring
Records

BASIC ECONOMICS
- Economic factors
- Present and future value
- Operating cost examples


Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, learners will be able to:
- Describe the underlying concepts and basic background of some typical gas plant instrumentation components
- Describe flow measurement
- Explain water impurities and treatment
- Demonstrate basic knowledge about electrical circuit theory, and typical industrial electrical equipment and power supply arrangements
- Describe some of the general methods used for corrosion control and water treatment in the gas industry


Knowledge:
Demonstrate a firm understanding of safety and plant practices

Attitudes:
Strong teamwork skills

Skills:
Troubleshooting skills

Technologies:
Demonstrate mechanical aptitude

Grading System:
Percentage

Passing Grade:
70%

Grading Weight:
Final Exam: 100 %


Percentage of Individual Work:
70

Percentage of Group Work:
30

Course Offered in Other Programs:
No

Additional Comments:
Students are required to sign and adhere to the Trades and Apprenticeship Safety and Attendance Policy.

If a student fails to obtain the pass mark on the final exam, the student will be allowed one supplementary exam. The successful completion of the supplementary exam would allow a student to pass with a grade no higher than 70%.


Supplies:
Textbooks and personal protective equipment (safety glasses, steel-toed boots, gloves, and fire retardant coveralls).

Keys to Success:
Attendance, class participation, maintaining a professional attitude, successful study habits, and receiving a minimum of 70% in the course.

Text Books:

Required - Province of BC, 2003, BC Safety Authority Act (Queen's Printer). Chapters Covered: All
Required - Pan Global, 2007, Pan Global ASME Academic Extract & Supplement (Pan Global). Chapters Covered: All
Required - Pan Global, 2007, Power Engineering 4th Class Textbook (Pan Global). Chapters Covered: All
Required - Pan Global, 2007, Power Engineering 4th Class Workbook (Pan Global). Chapters Covered: All
Required - SOLIS, 2007, PROP 250 Gas Process Operations Level D (SAIT). Chapters Covered: All
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