APNP 133 – Variations In Health A

This course provides the learner with the foundations of disease and illness across the lifespan. Learners will gain an understanding of pathophysiological alterations of body systems. Nursing management of disease and illness across the lifespan with an emphasis on interventions and treatment is also discussed. The learner’s understanding of pathophysiology as it relates to the ageing process and selected chronic illness will increase throughout the course. A major focus of this course is on the care of the older adult experiencing a health challenge. Cultural diversity in healing practices will be explored as well as evidence informed research and practice


Hours:  60 (Lecture: 60 hours)


PNUR 099


Non-Course Prerequisites:


APNP 130, APNP 131, APNP 132, APNP 134, APNP 135


Course Content:
- Introduction to pathophysiology.
- Maintaining homeostasis.
- Compensatory and decompensatory mechanisms.
- Cell alteration: types of cell injury and repair, cell aging/degeneration, irregular cell growth.
- Alterations to all body systems (e.g., inflammation, infection, obstruction/occlusion, genetics, familial, cancer, trauma).
- Physical and psychosocial stressors.
- Chronic versus acute disease (health continuum); illness versus disease.
- Nursing management of disease and illness across the lifespan.
- Nursing management, including assessment (holistic assessment, data collection including lab values and diagnostics); pharmacology; identification of real/potential problems; nursing diagnoses; planning of specific nursing interventions; implementing culturally safe and competent care; evaluation of care; collaborating with other members of the health care team; health promotion; client teaching.
- Therapeutic interventions and treatments including pharmacology.
- Traditional healing practices.
- Introduction to diagnostics.
- Cultural diversity in health and healing.
- Introduction to evidenced-informed research and practice.
- Physiological changes in the older adult contributing to disease and illness.
- Recognition and presentation of common disease and illness in older adults.
- Nursing management of disease and illness for the older adult according to body systems.
- Traditional healing practices (e.g., acupuncture, smudging, sweat lodge, reiki).
- Evidence-informed research and practice.


Learning Outcomes:
1. Describe pathophysiology as it relates to common presentations of disease and illness
2. Give examples of selected cellular alterations
3. Describe the inflammatory and tissue repair processes
4. Explain physical and psychosocial stressors that impact health and healing
5. Explain inflammation, infection, obstruction/occlusion, genetics, familial tendencies, cancer, traumatic injury, tissue repair, congenital and degenerative conditions and their role in health and healing.
6. Explain compensatory and decompensatory mechanisms
7. Describe chronic versus acute disease (health continuum); disease versus illness
8. Explain the pathophysiology and nursing management of disease and illness for body systems across the lifespan 9. Identify traditional healing practices associated with common illness
10. Describe the influence of cultural diversity in health and healing
11. Identify appropriate evidence informed research and practice resources
12. Describe the nursing management of illness associated with ageing
13. Identify altered presentations of illnesses in the older adult client
14. Identify common mental health challenges or mental illness experienced by older adults (e.g., differences between normal aging and symptoms of a mental illness in older adults)
15. Give examples of diversity in traditional healing practices in management of chronic illness
16.Explain the influence of culture and cultural competency in health and healing.


Grading System: Percentage Grades


Passing Grade:  68%


Textbooks are subject to change.  Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.