CHEM 104 - Fundamentals of Chemistry II

This course builds on the foundation especially of CHEM 12, examining the relationships of chemical equilibrium with thermodynamics and electrochemistry, with emphasis on the acid/base reaction important in biology. It also provides a comprehensive introduction to organic chemistry. 


Credits:  4


Hours: 105 (Lecture Hours: 3; Seminars and Tutorials: 1;  Laboratory Hours: 3)


Total Weeks:  15


CHEM 103 Fundamentals of Chemistry I
OR consent of the instructor.


Non-Course Prerequisites:




Course Content:
- Chemical equilibrium, thermodynamics and electrochemistry:
   Equilibrium constant
   Laws of thermodynamics
   Entropy and free energy
   Electrochemistry and the Nernst equation
   Chemical equilibrium in aqueous solutions (weak acids/bases, buffers, polyprotic acids)
   Reaction kinetics (rate laws, mechanisms)
- Organic chemistry:
   Nomenclature and isomers
   Reaction pathways
LABORATORIES can be chosen from, but are not limited to the following:
1. Determining an equilibrium constant
2. Determining the solubility product of calcium iodate
3. Galvanic and electrolytic cells
4. Rates of chemical reactions
5. Equivalent mass of an unknown acid
6. pH, buffers, and acid-base equilibria
7. Synthesis of aspirin
8. Making Soap
8. Isolation of caffeine
9. Purification and identification of caffeine
10. Lab exam


Learning Outcomes:
- Relate the thermodynamic and electrochemical effects on chemical equilibrium.
- Correlate aqueous equilibrium of acids and bases with preparation and properties of buffer solutions.
- Identify the major groups of organic molecules and their basic chemical properties.
- Understand the types and significance of isomers, especially their stereochemistry.
- Describe fundamental organic reactions (substitution, elimination, redox).
- Select relevant data to predict chemical outcomes.
- Apply mathematics to quantify results of chemical processes.
- Carry out chemical procedures and integrate data into the intellectual framework.


Grading System:  Letters


Passing Grade:  D (50%)


Percentage of Individual Work:  100


Textbooks are subject to change. Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.