HIST 220- History of Childhood in Canada: Indigenous and Settler Children, Then and Now

This course will look at how past notions of class, race and gender have affected childhood in Canada. It will particularly explore and contrast the histories of Indigenous and settler children in Canada with a focus on the twentieth century, and it will look at how past regulation and racial stereotypes have affected children and youth of today. We will explore the different worlds of children and youth from various ethnic and racial backgrounds at work, during wartime, and in institutions such as residential schools.  In addition to charting the changing nature of childhood and adolescence, we will examine evolving ideas of gender roles, sexuality, child protection and children’s rights in different subgroups of children in Canada. 


Credits: 3


Hours: 45 (Lecture Hours: 45)


Total Weeks: 15


One of ANTH 203, FNST 100, FNST 102, HIST 104, IHSW 102, IHSW 103, IHSW 104, or permission of the Chair. 
ENGL 100 or HDEC 100 strongly recommended.


Non-Course Prerequisites:




Course Content:
- How children's work differed in Indigenous traditional society and in working-class non-Indigenous society
- How children have expressed political opinion and how children have been used for political purposes.
- The changing structure of masculinity: how race, ethnicity and class affected perceptions of preferred masculine norms.
- Children, youth and gender: how gender roles affected children and youth.
- How endangered and dangerous children have been viewed differently in different social groups.
- How children were prepared for war in different times and societies.
- The role of regulation of children's bodies through health and welfare agencies.
- Treatment of children who were not considered "normal."
- The residential school experience for Indigenous children and their offspring.
- Canadian children in a global perspective.
- Youth culture, then and now.


Learning Outcomes: |
- Describing and analyzing the long-term historic effects of class, ethnicity and race on children from different ethnic, social, and racial groups in Canada.
- Listening to and accepting different viewpoints.
- Academic research and essay writing. Organizing, summarizing, and synthesizing lecture material for exams.
- Navigating D2L.


Grading System: Letters


Passing Grade: D (50%)


Textbooks are subject to change.  Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current books lists.