IIAT200 Industrial Instrument Mechanic Level 2

Students will learn a wide variety of measuring techniques to achieve level and density measurements. Students will learn the fundamentals and gain experience by calibrating a variety of pneumatic and electronic transmitters and valve positioners. Students will be exposed to communication protocols as they apply to DCS/PLC and SCADA systems.


Credits: 0


Hours: 240 (Lecture Hours: 120; Lab: 120)


Total Weeks: 10


Successful completion of Level 1 Apprenticeship Technical Training or successful challenge of Industry Training Authority Level 1 Placement Exam.


Non-Course Prerequisites:




Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of IHSW 105, students will be able to:
- Demonstrate safe working practices in the lab
- Describe force balance transmitters
- Describe motion balance transmitters, such as angle motion and linear motion balance
- Calibrate pneumatic instruments for linear or square root outputs
- Explain the application of positioners on control valves
- Describe positioners for sliding stem valves
- Describe positioners for rotary action valves
- Describe installation requirements and considerations for positioners, such as air supply, signal by-pass switches, reverse-acting and bench set
- Calibrate the stroke of various valves and positioner combinations, both rotary & sliding stem, such as Fisher, Neles & Masoneilan
- Calibrate and stroke smart positioners, such as Fisher DVC, Hartman Braun
- Explain the basic architecture of a Foundation Fieldbus system as it applies to valve positioners
- Configure Foundation Fieldbus DVC positioners applied to an operating control system
- Define hydrostatic head level measurement
- Describe open tank head level measurement
- Describe closed tank level measurement
- Define “elevation” and “suppression” on head level measurements
- Calculate head level measurements
- Calibrate head level measurement transmitters
- Describe boiler drum head level measurement
- Describe bubble pipe level measurement
- Calculate bubble pipe level measurements
- Describe displacement level transmitters
- Calculate displacer sizes for displacement level transmitters
- Describe nuclear level measurement
- Describe capacitance level measurement
- Describe ultrasonic level measurement
- Calibrate ultrasonic level measurement
- Describe pulse radar level measurement
- Describe load cell level measurement
- Describe boiler drum level measurement
- Calculate zero, span, elevation & suppression parameters as they apply to head level measurement of various process vessels, such as distillation column, multiple effect evaporators, industrial boilers etc.
- Install a level transmitter on a tank
- Describe the effects of temperature and density on level measurement
- Define density
- Define units of density, such as API, Maumé, Brix & Twaddell
- Describe hydrometers used for density measurement
- Describe hydrostatic head density
- Describe the various means of achieving hydrostatic density measurement
- Describe displacement density measurement
- Describe nuclear density meter operation
- Explain the Atomic Energy of Canada (AEC) safety regulations related to nuclear  instrumentation
- Use Geiger counter and swab test to ensure the integrity of nuclear instruments
- Perform the yearly test required as per AEC guidelines on nuclear instruments
- Calibrate a nuclear density transmitter
- Describe a refractometer and calibration
- Define boiling point rise density measurement
- Describe linearization of boiling point rise to density
- Perform an empirical test and calibration of boiling point rise systems on running multiple effect evaporators
- Explain the Evaporation Process Theory as applied to a double-effect evaporator process
- Take manual samples and measure the density to confirm the accuracy of on-line density measuring systems
- Describe the effects of pressure and temperature on flow and level measuring instruments applied to the double-effect evaporator process
- Describe the need for absolute pressure transmitters in the evaporation process
- Define basic communication & DCS terminology
- Define various communication protocols, such as RS232, RS422, RS485, Ethernet and proprietary
- Describe communication networks types (LAN), such as poll & response, token passing ring and bus
- Describe typical SCADA systems
- Describe RTUs, hard wired and spread spectrum frequency hopping
- Describe DSC/PLC power supply requirements
- Describe DCSIPLC system grounding requirements, independent from electrical grounding requirements
- Describe the operation of a thermocouple
- Identify thermocouple types, extension wire and colour codes
- Calculate the required EMF values for various thermocouple types, temperatures and locations
- Calibrate thermocouple temperature measuring systems, such as transmitters, recorders, PLC and DCS using the appropriate thermocouple standards and differential circuits
- Describe the operation of an RTD (Resistance Thermal Detector)
- Describe a 2-wire, 3-wire and 4-wire RTD
- Describe the operation of various Wheatstone Bridge circuits used for RTD temperature measurement
- Describe constant current temperature measuring circuits using 2-wire, 3-wire or 4-wire RTDs
- Calibrate RTD temperature measuring systems, such as transmitters, recorders, PLC & DCS
- Describe the operation and application of thermistors to industrial temperature measurement
- Describe the use of optical pyrometers in temperature measurement
- Describe a voltage dividing network
- Define RD (dropping resistor)
- Define RB (Bleeding resistor)
- Design a voltage dividing network to handle 2 or more loads
- Build a voltage dividing network to handle 2 or more loads
- Describe the operation of small (“shoebox”) PLCs
- Define Boolean programming instructions, such as examine-on, examine-off, coils etc
- Explain the operation of various timers, such as time-on delay, time-off delay
- Explain the operation of various counters, such as up-counters and down-counters
- Wire a PLC to field equipment demonstrating safe wiring practices
- Design PLC control systems, such as motor control, flame safety control using basic instructions, timers and counters, as applicable
- Build several PLC control systems, such as motor control, safety interlocks etc.
- Troubleshoot the PLC software and field circuits
- Explain Bernoulli’s Theorem as it applies to head flow measurement
- Describe a rotameter
- Describe head flow metering primary elements, such as pitot tubes, orifice plates, flow nozzles, venturis, wedge & elbow meters
- Describe the correct installation of the primary elements
- Describe the correct installation of impulse piping
- Describe the correct installation of the flow transmitter
- Calculate the orifice bores & inferential flow
- Describe flumes and weirs
- Describe custody transfer standards required in flow metering
- Describe mass flow measurement using multivariable transmitters
- Demonstrate the correct procedure to blow down flow meters, such as steam flow
- Describe various types of head flow transmitters, such as pneumatic, electronic & smart
- Define AC Electricity
- Describe the generation of AC & DC electricity
- Describe the various types of transformers, such as step up, step down, automatic, SOLA and isolation
- Build and test circuits to demonstrate the use of various transformers
- Describe the use of capacitors for both AC & DC circuits
- Describe the use of inductors for both AC & DC circuits
- Size electrical components, i.e. capacitors, inductors & resistors, for various AC & DC electrical circuits
- Define power factor correction
- Calculate the power factor correction


Grading System: Percentage


Passing Grade: 70%


Text Books:
Textbooks are subject to change. Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.

NOTE: Information provided above has been obtained from Historical Documents.