LAND 241 - Petroleum Fundamentals

Beginning with the early history of oil and gas production through to the current era, this course provides an overview of the Canadian petroleum industry. The focus will be on the petroleum industry from basic mineral geology through to production and transportation. Mineral and seismic exploration is discussed, as well as drilling practices in the upstream sector of the industry. The downstream sector is also introduced including production, processing, transportation, refining, and marketing. Sustainable development is examined in terms of environmental and economic considerations.


Credits: 3

Hours: 45 (Lecture Hours: 45)


Total Weeks: 15


Prerequisites: None


Non-Course Prerequisites: None


Co-requisites: None


Course Content:
Historical Development
- Early history events prior to Leduc discovery (1947)
- Historical events since Leduc discovery to present
- Industry Introduction (the main components of the oil and gas industry)
Petroleum Origins, Basic Geological Features of Reservoirs and Data
- Basic geological structures
- Basic concepts of geology
- Origins of petroleum resources
- Reservoirs (parameters and types)
- Geologic/Petrophysical/Geophysical Data (core, cuttings, wireline log data, fluid samples, outcrop data, 4D Siesmic)
- Important software to oil and gas industry (i.e. Accumap, Geoscout, Petrel)
Activities Associated with Initial Geophysical and Mineral Exploration
- Land systems (Dominion Land System & National Topographic System)
- Mineral rights
- Procedures for purchase of mineral rights
- Procedures for acquisition of surface rights
- Mineralogical considerations (cement and timing of diagenesis)
- Geophysical exploration
- Procedures/steps associated with seismic surveying
Activities Associated with Drilling and Wellsite Completion
- Components of a drilling rig and their purpose
- Various types of drilling rigs and their purpose
- Procedures/steps associated with drilling
- Procedures/steps associated with wellsite completion and servicing
- Procedures/steps required for wellsite abandonment
- Considerations and requirements for abandoned site reclamation
Petroleum Economics
- Explanation of Reserves and Resources
- Profitability Criteria
- Alberta Royalty System
Activities Associated with Industry Downstream Sector
- Key considerations in production process
- Procedures/steps associated with pipelining
- Main pipeline transmission lines in Western Canada
- Various processing and refining practices/facilities
- Transportation and marketing of petroleum products
Unconventional Oil and Gas
- Tight Formations, Coal bed Methane, Oil Sands
Environmental and Economic Concerns for Sustainable Development
- Future of Oil and Gas Industry
- Sustainability of industry and Cleantech (i.e. Biomass, Solar, Wind)



Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- List historical events related to oil and gas industry development
- Explain petroleum origins and identify basic geological features of reservoirs
- Describe activities associated with exploration
- Describe activities associated with drilling and wellsite completion
- Describe activities associated with industry downstream sector
- Describe basic petroleum economics ideas/concepts
- Describe unconventional oil and gas activities
- Explore environmental and economic concerns for sustainable development



Grading System: Letters


Passing Grade: D (50%)


Percentage of Individual Work: 100


Text Books:
Textbooks are subject to change. Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.