POPR 151 - 4th Class Power Engineering Part B

Part B of the Power Engineering program examines the different components, systems, and controls involved in proper boiler operation. Topics include engines, pumps and compressors, electricity, instrumentation, heating and refrigeration systems, and air conditioning. Boiler maintenance and plant types will also be studied in detail.


Hours: 270 (Lecture Hours: 150; Seminars and Tutorials: 120)


POPR 150


Non-Course Prerequisites:




Course Content:
Prime Movers and Engines
- Heat engines, prime mover terminology
- Simple steam engine: construction, details, operation and maintenance, lubrication
- Steam turbines: construction, impulse, reaction, governing, overspeed trip, lubrication, start-up, operation, shut-down
- Cooling towers, condensers
- Basic gas turbines: construction, applications, open cycle, regeneration, steam and gas turbine plants
- Internal combustion engines: construction, working cycles, fuels, lubrication, start-up, operation, shut-down
Pumps and Compressors
- Pumps
- Pumping theory
- Pump operation and maintenance
- Reciprocating pumps: simplex, duplex, valves, drivers
- Centrifugal pumps: volute, diffusers, impellers, wear rings, seals, packing, start-up operation and shut-down
- Turbine pump, rotary pump
- Air compression
- Theory, altitude, barometers
- Reciprocating compressors: construction, stages, cooling components, valves, control, lubrication and operation
- Axial: construction, components, lubrication and operation
- Systems: receivers, intercoolers, aftercoolers, driers, moisture, safety devices
- Lubrication: principles, lubricants, classes, viscosities, applications, systems
- Bearing lubrication: operation, maintenance, failure
- Electrical: terms, properties, measurement and calculations
- Power and work
- Magnetism and electromagnetism
- Electrical metering devices; voltmeters, ammeters, wattmeters
- Conductors, insulators
- Motors and generators: AC and DC, operation
- Transformers
- Electrical distribution circuits, breakers, switches, fuses
- Safe operation
Controls, Instrumentation and Computers
- Instrumentation terms and definitions
- Methods of process measurement
- Basic control loop components
- Basic boiler instrumentation and control systems, gauges
- Low water fuel cut-offs, mercury switch, thermocouples
- Boiler programming controls
- Types of computers: principles, software programs, languages, applications, components
- Introductory process computer concepts
- Input and output devices, data recording and storage
Heating Boilers
- Watertube and tubular heating boilers
- Cast iron sectional and modular heating boilers
- Firetube heating boilers
- Oil and gas burners for heating boilers
- Steam heating boiler fittings attachments and auxiliaries
- Hot water heating boilers: fittings, attachments
- Hot water and steam heating boiler operation and maintenance
- Cleaning, inspection, pay up, safety
Heating Systems
- Steam heating auxiliaries: radiators, convectors, unit heaters, coils, ventilators, air vents, valves, traps, vacuum pumps
- Steam heating systems: operations and maintenance
- Hot water heating auxiliaries: pumps, controls, valves, expansion tanks, converters, radiant panels, snow melt
- Hot water heating systems, operation and maintenance
- Warm air heating system equipment
- Warm air furnace components and maintenance: furnaces, humidifiers, air distribution, trouble shooting
- Ventilation and air filters
- Infrared and electric heating
Heating Boiler and Heating System Controls
- Heating boiler feedwater controls
- Heating boiler operating controls
- Heating boiler combustion controls
- Pneumatic controls for heating systems
- Electric controls for heating systems
- Electronic controls for heating systems, indoor, outdoor, multizone, advantages, disadvantages
- Auxiliary building systems
- Lighting systems, principles, units, incandescent, fluorescent
- Building water supply systems, operation and maintenance, hot water heaters
- Controls and protection, trouble shooting
- Sanitary drainage systems, maintenance
- Snow melt systems
- Vapour compression refrigeration
- Safety, CSA B-52
- Thermodynamics of refrigeration
- Properties of refrigerants
- Compression refrigeration systems, components, auxiliaries, relief devices
- Refrigeration compressor components
- Heat exchangers for Refrigeration systems
- Refrigeration metering devices and capacity controls
- Refrigeration cycle controls
- Refrigeration accessories
- Compression refrigeration system pre start-up checks, procedures
- Compression refrigeration system operation and maintenance, testing, charging, surging, trouble shooting
Absorption Refrigeration
- Absorption refrigeration systems, components, auxiliaries
- Absorption refrigeration system operation and maintenance
Air Conditioning
- Psychrometric properties of air
- Applications of the psychrometric chart and comfort conditions
- Fans for air distribution systems
- Air conditioning duct systems
- Coil types
- Coil operation
- Humidification, dehumidification
Air Conditioning Systems
- Unitary and central air conditioning systems
- Combined air conditioning systems: components, auxiliaries, operation, maintenance
- Air conditioning heat recovery systems
- Air conditioning system controls
- Heat gains and losses in buildings, system components, auxiliaries
Boiler Maintenance
- Powerhouse maintenance - hand and power tools
- Powerhouse maintenance - ladders, scaffolding and hoisting
- Powerhouse maintenance - ropes, cables, and fasteners
- Boiler maintenance, refractory, tubes, stays, safety valves
- Boiler cleaning, inspection, testing, lay up, welder qualification
Types of Plants
- Hot oil systems, components, auxiliaries, operation, maintenance
- Gas plant and pulp mill processes, equipment, operation, safety
- Steam related oil, food, and sawmill processes


Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, learners will be able to:
- Describe prime movers and engines
- Describe pumping theory and pump maintenance
- Apply air compressor theory
- Describe lubrication principles and applications
- Summarize electrical terms, properties, and principles
- Analyze relevant system controls, instrumentation and computers
- Identify and understand various heating boiler
- Explain specialized heating systems
- Explain and demonstrate the use of heating boiler, heating system controls
- Identify auxiliary building systems
- Describe operation of vapor compression refrigeration systems
- Describe operation of absorption refrigeration systems


Grading System: Percentage


Passing Grade: 70%


Text Books:
Textbooks are subject to change. Please contact the bookstore at your local campus for current book lists.