## POPR 200 - Fourth Class Power Engineering Part A

Part A of Power Engineering examines mathematics, mechanics, and safety as they apply to plant and boiler operation. Topics include an in depth look at the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Act, mechanical drawings, boiler design, boiler parts and fittings, and feedwater treatment.

Hours: 240 (Lecture Hours: 95; Seminars and Tutorials: 145)

Total Weeks: 8

Prerequisites:

Admission into the Power Engineering and Gas Processing Program

Non-Course Prerequisites:
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS).
Occupational First Aid - Level 1

H2S Alive
Electronic General Safety Orientation (eGSO)

Co-requisites:

None

Course Content:
Applied Mathematics
- S.I. units
- Basic mathematical operations, fractions, decimals and percentages
- Ratio and proportion
- Simple algebra
- Mensuration, length, lines and simple plane figures
- Areas and volumes
Elementary Mechanics and Dynamics
- Mechanical properties
- Moments and forces
- Simple machines
- Scalars and vectors
- Linear velocity and acceleration
- Force and work
- Pressure
- Power and energy
- Friction
- Stress and strain
- Factor of safety
- Power transmission
Elementary Thermodynamics
- Basic thermodynamic concepts
- Temperature and thermal expansion
- Specific, sensible and latent heat
- Thermodynamics of steam
- Steam tables
- Interpolation
- Basic chemical and physical properties
- Mechanical drawing fundamentals
- Various views
- Drawing instruments
- Writing fundamentals: sentence, paragraph and memo composition
British Columbia Boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Act
- The Act and regulations under the Act
- Codes: ASME Section VI Recommended Rules for the Care and Operation of Heating Boilers
ASME Section VII Recommended Rules for the Care and Operation of Power Boilers
CSA Standard B-51Construction and Inspection of Boilers and Pressure Vessels
CSA Standard B-52 Mechanical Refrigeration Code
Workplace Hazardous Materials
- WHMIS
- Classification of controlled products
- Labelling of controlled products
- Materials safety data sheets
Plant Safety
- Costs and effects of workplace injuries
- Personal protective equipment
- Isolation of mechanical and electrical equipment
- Confined space entry
- Handling of gases and hydrocarbon fluids
- Hydrogen sulphide safety
- First aid, CPR and artificial respiration
- Safety Committees
Plant Fire Protection
- Fire fundamentals and procedures
- Fires and extinguishing methods
- Portable fire extinguishers: construction and operation
- Electrical fires
Environment
- Environmental terms and definitions
- Gas and noise pollution
- Solid and liquid pollution
- Potential environmental impact of liquids
- Potential environmental impact of vapours
- Potential environmental impact of operating facilities
Material and Welding
- Engineering materials: selection, properties
- Heat treatment and case hardening
- Fabrication and welding methods
- Welding processes and electrode use and selection
- Welding terms and inspection
- Welder qualifications
Piping and Valves
- Materials: sizes and identification
- Piping, pipe fittings and connections
- Expansion joints, bends, supports, hangers and insulation
- Drainage: separators, traps, water hammer
- Valve types: construction and application
High Pressure Boiler Design
- Development of boiler design
- Boiler terminology
- Firetube boilers: construction, stays, tubes, tube sheets, shell
- Watertube boilers: construction, drums and walls
- Electric boilers
- Boiler construction: support, suspension, refractory
High Pressure Boiler Parts and Fittings
- Combustion theory, composition of fuel, fuel heating value
- Boiler draft equipment: natural, forced, induced, balanced
- Boiler combustion equipment: coal, oil and gas burners, and safety
- Fluidised bed and grate systems
- Safety and relief valves
- Water columns and gage glasses
- Steam drum internals
- Superheaters, reheaters, economizers, air heaters
- Insulation
High Pressure Boiler Operation
- Boiler prestart, start-up, operation and shut-down
- Emergency boiler operation
- Soot blowers
- Continuous and intermittent blowdown
- Chemical and mechanical cleaning, boil out and lay-up
- Hydrostatic testing, inspection, safety precautions
- Cause and prevention of boiler furnace explosions
Feedwater Treatment
- External feedwater treatment, filtration, lime soda and zeolite softeners, deaeration
- Internal feedwater treatment and testing

- Knowledge and control of: pH, sludge, scale, foaming, caustic embrittlement, blow-down and corrosion

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, learners will be able to:
- Describe plant safety and fire protection systems
- Describe environmental protection as it relates to power engineering
- Explain the act and regulations as they apply to power engineers
- Demonstrate basic understanding of piping materials and welding applications as it relates to power engineering
- Identify high pressure boiler parts and fittings
- Explain high pressure boiler operation and feedwater treatment
- Understand and explain high pressure boiler design
- Use applied mathematics, mechanics, and thermodynamics
- Interpret mechanical drawings and plant administration techniques

- Identify and use workplace hazardous materials in a safe manner

Percentage of Individual Work: 100